UK Aid in a conflict affected country – reducing conflict and fragility in Somalia

Somalia is one of the world’s most fragile states. It has been receiving UK aid for over two decades. DFID’s programming aims to promote longer-term stability and transform the lives of Somalis living in poverty.

To assess the performance of this aid, ICAI has launched a new review – UK Aid in a conflict affected country – Reducing conflict and fragility in Somalia

This review will explore how effective UK aid has been in tackling conflict and reducing fragility in Somalia. Covering DFID’s bilateral programming and the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF), it will review the strategy behind aid interventions and the effectiveness of programming. In addition to detailed reviews of programmes focused on tackling conflict and fragility we will also look at programmes that may have an indirect impact on fragility such as health and livelihoods.

Looking at how the UK works in a conflict-affected country is important for ICAI. The UK government has committed to spending 50% of aid funds in fragile states and regions, many of which are also affected by conflict.

The UK’s aid strategy recognises the importance of tackling the causes of instability and insecurity, and the link with poverty reduction.  The National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence Review also committed to addressing the causes of conflict through increased support for security and justice, tackling corruption, promoting good governance and more peaceful and inclusive societies.

Building on an earlier ICAI review of the scaling up of UK aid in fragile states, this review will consider whether the UK government has an effective approach to addressing conflict and fragility.

As an ICAI performance review, it will probe whether the design and delivery of programmes are effective and maximise value for money. This will include assessing whether effective mechanisms are in place for delivering aid in an insecure environment.

More information on our methodology and approach are available in the approach paper.