Afghanistan has a population of 27.5 million and, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per person of around £400, is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than a third of the population lives below the poverty line; life expectancy is 49 years and only one in four Afghans over 15 is literate. Women and girls face inequality in political decision-making, domestic and community relations and participation in the wider economy.
Half of the population requires humanitarian assistance and four fifths rely on agriculture for their living. 2014 began a period of even greater uncertainty: all international troops are expected to have withdrawn by December and there is a presidential election in April.
This review examines the effectiveness of the Department for International Development’s (DFID) bilateral growth and livelihoods projects. Overall, we awarded an amber-red score and made three recommendations.