DFID’s trade development work in Southern Africa

We found serious deficiencies in the TradeMark Southern Africa (TMSA) programme, which was subsequently closed down by the Secretary of State.

Score: Red
  1. Status: Completed
  2. Published: 6 December 2013
  3. Type: Other
  4. Subject: Trade and economic development
  5. Assessment: Red
  6. Location: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia
  7. Lead commissioner: Graham Ward CBE

Read the inception report

Read the terms of reference

Our approach

This review assesses the effectiveness of the Department for International Development’s (DFID) trade development work in Southern Africa. We reviewed two programmes: the 5-year £100 million TradeMark Southern Africa (TMSA), which as due to be completed in 2014; and the £9 million regional component of the Mozambique Regional Gateway Programme (MRGP), which ends in 2016.

TMSA supports the establishment of a free trade area in Eastern and Southern Africa. It also supports the removal of obstacles to the movement of goods across borders and the development of the North-South Corridor (the road link between Durban and Dar es Salaam). MRGP supports the linking of landlocked countries along the North-South Corridor to ports in Mozambique.

We spoke to a wide range of stakeholders during our investigations, specifically including representatives of the intended beneficiaries.

Review questions

  1. Objectives: What is the programme trying to achieve?
  2. Delivery: Is the delivery chain designed and managed so as to be fit for purpose?
  3. Impact: What is the impact on intended beneficiaries?
  4. Learning: What works best and what needs improvement?


Read the bibliography


Review publication

Published 6 December 2013

Government response

Published 13 January 2014

ICAI follow-up

Published 18 June 2015