Management of the 0.7% ODA spending target

The government’s approach to managing its aid-spending target has become increasingly effective and well-coordinated across government – but making the process more flexible in future could reduce the “significant” impact of major economic shocks.

  1. Status: Completed
  2. Published: 24 November 2020
  3. Type: Rapid review
  4. Subject: Government processes and systems
  5. Assessment: Unrated
  6. Lead commissioner: Tamsyn Barton

Supplementary review

We published a supplementary review in May 2021 looking at the UK government’s performance in managing the target for ODA spending in 2020, in light of the major economic disruptions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

ICAI follow-up

Approximately one year after we publish our reports, we follow up on the steps the government has taken in response to our recommendations. This process is a key link in the accountability chain, providing Parliament and the public with an account of how well government departments have responded to ICAI reviews.

We followed up on both of our reviews of the government’s management of the 0.7% spending target together. We recognise the effort from the government to engage constructively with our recommendations. However, we have seen few changes to the way in which it manages the spending target in response to the thrust of our recommendations and the value for money risks identified in both reviews. As a result, we will be following up the recommendations again next year.

Read the follow-up review.

Further follow-up

In addition to following up a new set of ICAI reviews, we returned to both of these reviews as outstanding issues in 2023. We found that the government has made progress on recommendations related to taking a flexible approach to applying the aid-spending target. However, some challenges remain, especially on applying a floor to FCDO spending.

The government’s decision to allow FCDO to undertake additional spending over and above 0.5% in 2022-23 and 2023-24, as a result of pressures from domestic spending on refugees, has helped in setting an important precedent to reduce value for money risks by applying aid targets more flexibly. In addition, some progress has been made on using broader gross national income forecast information.

Next year’s follow-up to our review of UK aid to refugees in the UK will pursue further engagement with FCDO on the recommendation for an FCDO spending floor, given that this review highlighted the same issue.

Read the further follow-up.



Published 20 August 2020

Evidence gathering



Published 24 November 2020

Government response

Published 22 January 2021

ICAI follow-up

Published 30 June 2022

Further follow-up

Published 18 July 2023